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Oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMS) are the surgical specialists of the dental profession. We practice the full scope of the specialty, which includes the diagnosis, surgical treatment and management of defects and injuries related to the function and aesthetics of the face and jaws. We treat wisdom teeth, reconstruct shattered faces, correct misaligned jaws, and treat pathology of the neck, face and mouth.

Oral Pathology Disease List*

  • Developmental Disturbances
    • Jaws
      • Agnathia
      • Micrognathia
      • Macrognathia
      • Facial Hemihypertrophy
      • Facial Hemiatrophy
    • Lips and Palate
      • Congenital lip pits
      • Commissural pits
      • Commissural fistulas
      • Double lip
      • Cleft lip
      • Cleft palate
      • Cheilitis flandularis
      • Cheilitis granulomatosa
      • Hereditary intestinal polyposis syndrome
      • Labial/oral melanotic macule (ephelis; focal melanosis)
    • Oral Mucosa
      • Fordyce’s granules
      • Focal epithelial hyperplasia (Heck’s disease)
    • Gingiva
      • Fibromatosis gingivae
      • Retrocuspid papilla
    • Tongue
      • Microglossia
      • Macroglossia
      • Ankyloglossia
      • Cleft tongue
      • Fissured tongue
      • Medial rhomboid glossitis (central papillary atrophy)
      • Benign migratory glossitis (geographic tongue; erythema migrans)
      • Hairy tongue
      • Lingual varices
    • Oral Lymphoid Tissue
      • Reactive lymphoid aggregate
      • Lymphoid hamartoma
      • Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophils
      • Lymphoepithelial cyst (branchial cyst)
    • Salivary Glands
      • Aplasia (agenesis)
      • Xerostomia
      • Hyperplasia of palatal glands
      • Atresia
      • Aberrancy
      • Lingual mandibular salivary gland depression (static bone cyst; stafne cyst; latent bone cyst)
    • Size of Teeth
      • Microdontia
      • Macrodontia
    • Shape of Teeth
      • Germination
      • Fusion
      • Concrescence
      • Dilacerations
      • Talon cusp
      • Dens in dente (dens invaginatus; dilated composite odontoma)
      • Dens evaginatus (occlusal tuberculated premolar; occlusal enamel pearl; evaginated odontome; Leong’s premolar)
      • Taurodontism
      • Supernumerary roots
    • Number of Teeth
      • Anodontia
      • Supernumerary teeth
      • Predeciduous dentition
      • Postpermanent dentition
    • Structure of Teeth
      • Amelogenesis imperfecta (hereditary enamel dysplasia; hereditary brown opalescent teeth; hereditary brown enamel)
      • Environmental enamel hypoplasia
      • Syphilitic enamel hypoplasia
      • Hypocalcemic enamel hypoplasia
      • Neonatal line
      • Traumatic enamel hypoplasia
      • Dental fluorosis (mottled enamel)
      • Dentinogenesis imperfecta (hereditary opalescent dentin)
      • Dentin dysplasia (rootless teeth)
      • Regional odontodysplasia (ghost teeth; odontogenesis imperfecta; odontogenic dysplasia)
      • Dentin hypocalcification
    • Growth and Eruption
      • Premature eruption
      • Delayed eruption
      • Multiple unerupted teeth
      • Impacted and embedded teeth
      • Ankylosed deciduous teeth (submerged teeth)
    • Fissural/Inclusion/Developmental Cysts
      • Median anterior maxillary cyst
      • Median palatal cyst
      • Globulomaxillary cyst
      • Median mandibular cyst
      • Nasoalveolar cyst (nasolabial cyst; Klestadt’s cyst)
      • Palatal cysts of the neonate (Epstein’s pearls; Bohn’s nodules)
      • Thyroglossal tract cyst
      • Benign cervical lymphoepithelial cyst (branchial cleft cyst)
      • Epidermoid cyst
      • Dermoid cyst
      • Heterotopic oral gastrointestinal cyst
  • Benign and Malignant Tumors
    • Benign Tumors of Epithelial Origin
      • Papilloma
      • Squamous acanthoma
      • Keratoacanthoma (Verrucoma; molluscum sebaceum)
      • Pigmented cellular nevus (pigmented mole; benign melanocytic nevus)
    • Premalignant Tumors of Epithelial origin
      • Leukoplakia
      • Leukoedema
      • Intraepithelial carcinoma (carcinoma in situ)
      • Erythroplakia
      • Oral submucous fibrosis
    • Malignant Tumors of Epithelial Origin
      • Basal cell carcinoma
      • Squamous cell carcinoma
      • Verrucous carcinoma
      • Spindle cell carcinoma 9carcinosarcoma; pseudosarcoma; polypoid squamous cell carcinoma)
      • Adenoid squamous cell carcinoma (adenoacanthoma; pseudoglandular squamous cell carcinoma)
      • Lymphoepithelioma
      • Transitional cell carcinoma
      • Malignant melanoma
    • Benign Tumors of Connective Tissue Origin
      • Fibroma
      • Giant cell fibroma
      • Peripheral ossifying fibroma (peripheral odontogenic fibroma; peripheral cementifying fibroma)
      • Central ossifying fibroma of bone (central fibro-osteoma)
      • Peripheral giant cell granuloma (giant cell epulis; osteoclastoma)
      • Central giant cell granuloma
      • Giant cell tumor of bone
      • Aneurismal bone cyst
      • Lipoma
      • Verruciform xanthoma (histiocytosis Y)
      • Hemangioma (vascular nevus)
      • Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia
      • Encephalotrigeminal angiomatosis (Sturge-Weber disease)
      • Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (juvenile nasopharyngeal fibroma)
      • Lymphangioma
      • Myxoma
      • Chondroma
      • Benign chondroblastoma
      • Chondromyxoid fibroma
      • Osteoma
      • Osteoid osteoma
      • Benign osteoblastoma (giant osteoid osteoma)
      • Torus palatinus
      • Torus mandibularis
      • Multiple exostoses
    • Malignant Tumors of Connective Tissue Origin
      • Fibrosarcoma
      • Synovial sarcoma
      • Liposarcoma
      • Hemangioendothelioma
      • Hemangiopericytoma
      • Kaposi’s sarcoma (angioreticuloendothelioma)
      • Ewing’s sarcoma (endothelial myeloma; round cell sarcoma)
      • Chondrosarcoma
      • Osteosarcoma (osteogenic sarcoma)
      • Malignant lymphoma
      • Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma
      • Primary lymphoma of bone (primary reticulum cell sarcoma of bone)
      • Burkitt’s lymphoma (African jaw lymphoma)
      • Hodgkin’s disease/Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
      • Multiple myeloma (plasma cell myeloma; plasmacytoma)
      • Solitary plasma cell myeloma (plasmacytoma)
    • Benign Tumors of Muscle Origin
      • Leiomyoma
      • Angiomyoma (vascular leiomyoma ; angioleiomyoma)
      • Rhabdomyoma
      • Granular cell myoblastoma (myoblastic myoma ; granular cell tumor ; granular cell schwannoma)
      • Congenital epulis of the newborn
    • Malignant Tumors of Muscle Origin
      • Leiomyoma
      • Rhabdomyosarcoma
      • Alveolar soft-part sarcoma (malignant granular cell myoblastoma)
    • Benign Tumors of Neural Origin
      • Traumatic neuroma (amputation neuroma)
      • Multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes
      • Neurofibroma (neurofibromatosis ; von Recklinghausen’s disease; fibroma molluscum)
      • Neurolemmoma (neurilemoma ; perineural fibroblastoma ; schwannoma ; neurinoma ; lemmoma)
      • Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (pigmented ameloblastoma)
    • Malignant Tumors of Neural Origin
      • Malignant Schwannoma  (neurogenic sarcoma; neurofibrosarcoma)
      • Olfactory neuroblastoma
  • Salivary Gland Tumors
    • Benign Tumors
      • Pleomorphic adenoma (mixed tumor)
      • Monomorphic adenoma
      • Basal cell adenoma
      • Canalicular adenoma
      • Papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum (Warthin’s tumor; adenolymphoma
      • Oxyphilic adenoma (oncocytoma; acidophilic adenoma)
      • Myoepithelioma
      • Ductal papillomas
      • Benign lymphoepithelial lesion (Mikulicz’s disease)
      • Sjogren’s syndrome (sicca syndrome)
    • Malignant Salivary Tumors
      • Malignant pleomorphic adenoma (malignant mixed tumor)
      • Adenoid cystic carcinoma (cylindroma; basaloid mixed tumor)
      • Acinic cell carcinoma (acinar/serous cell adenoma/adenocarcinoma)
      • Mucoepidermoid carcinoma
      • Central mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the jaw
      • Clear cell sarcoma
      • Squamous cell carcinoma (Epidermoid carcinoma)
      • Necrotizing sialometaplasia
  • Cysts and Tumors of Odontogenic Origin
    • Odontogenic cysts
      • Primordial cyst
      • Dentigerous cyst (follicular cyst)
      • Radicular cyst (apical periodontal cyst; periapical cyst; dental root end cyst)
      • Lateral periodontal cyst
      • Dental lamina cyst of the newborn (Epstein’s pearls; Bohn’s nodules; gingival cyst of the newborn)
      • Gingival cyst of the adult
      • Odontogenic keratocyst
      • Basal cell nevus syndrome
      • Calcifying odontogenic cyst (Gorlin cyst; cystic keratinizing tumor)
    • Ectodermal Tumors
      • Enameloma (enamel pearl; enamel drop)
      • Ameloblastoma (adamantinoma; multilocular cyst)
      • Primary intra-alveolar Epidermoid carcinoma (primary intraosseous carcinoma)
      • Calcifying epithelial  odontogenic tumor (Pindborg tumor)
      • Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (adenoameloblastoma)
      • Squamous odontogenic tumor
    • Mesodermal Tumors
      • Peripheral odontogenic fibroma (peripheral ossifying fibroma)
      • Central odontogenic fibroma
      • Odontogenic fibrosarcoma
      • Odontogenic myxoma (odontogenic fibromyxoma)
      • Periapical cemental dysplasia (periapical fibrous dysplasia; cementoma; periapical osteofibroma; cementifying fibroma; cementoblastoma)
      • Central cementifying fibroma
      • Benign cementoblastoma (true cementoma)
      • Gigantiform cementoma (familial multiple cementoma)
      • Dentinoma
    • Mixed Tumors
      • Ameloblastic fibroma
      • Ameloblastic fibrosarcoma (ameloblastic sarcoma)
      • Ameloblastic fibro-odontoma
      • Odontoma
      • Ameloblastic odontoma (odontoameloblastoma; adamanto-odontoma)
      • Teratoma (teratoblastoma; teratoid tumor)
  • Regressive Alterations of the Teeth
    • Attrition
    • Abrasion
    • Erosion
    • Abfraction
    • Dentinal sclerosis (transparent dentin)
    • Secondary dentin (irregular dentin)
    • Reticular pulpal atrophy
    • Pulp calcification
    • External resorption
    • Internal resorption
    • Hypercementosis
    • Cementices
  • Infections
    • Bacterial
      • Scarlet fever
      • Diphtheria
      • Tuberculosis
      • Sarcoidosis
      • Uveoparotid fever
      • Leprosy (Hansen’s disease)
      • Actinomycosis
      • Botryomycosis
      • Tularemia
      • Meliodosis
      • Tetanus
      • Syphilis
      • Gonorrhea
      • Granuloma inguinale (granuloma venereum; donovanosis)
      • Rhinoscleroma
      • Midline lethal granuloma (malignant granuloma)
      • Wegener’s granulomatosis
      • Chronic granulomatous disease
      • Noma (cancrum oris; gangrenous stomatitis)
      • Pyogenic granuloma
      • Pyostomatitis vegetans
    • Viral
      • Herpes simplex (acute herpetic gingivostomatitis; herpes labialis; fever blisters; cold sores)
      • Primary herpetic stomatitis
      • Recurrent/secondary herpetic labialis and stomatitis
      • Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (canker sores)
      • Behçet’s syndrome
      • Reiter’s syndrome
      • Herpangina (aphthous pharyngitis; vesicular pharyngitis)
      • Acute lymphonodular pharyngitis
      • Hand, foot, and mouth disease
      • Foot and mouth disease (aphthous fever; epizootic stomatitis)
      • Measles (rubeola; morbilli)
      • Rubella (German measles)
      • Smallpox (variola)
      • Molluscum contagiosum
      • Condyloma acuminatum (venereal wart; verruca acuminate)
      • Chickenpox (vericella)
      • Herpes zoster (shingles; zona)
      • Cat-scratch disease (lymphoreticulosis)
      • Mumps (epidemic parotitis)
      • Cytomegalic inclusion disease (salivary gland virus disease)
      • Poliomyelitis (infant paralysis)
    • Fungal
      • North American blastomycosis (Gilchrist’s disease)
      • South American blastomycosis
      • Histoplasmosis (Darling’s disease)
      • Coccidioidomycosis (valley fever)
      • Cryptococcosis (torulois; European blastomycosis)
      • Candidiasis (candidosis; moniliasis; thrush
      • Geotrichosis
      • Phycomycosis (mucormycosis)
      • Sporotrichosis
      • Rhinosporidiosis
      • Parasitic infections
  • Pulp and Periapical Tissue
    • Pulp
      • Focal reversible pulpitis
      • Acute pulpitis
      • Chronic pulpitis
      • Chronic hyperplastic pulpitis (pulp polyp)
      • Gangrenous pulpal necrosis
    • Periapical
      • Periapical granuloma (apical periodontitis)
      • Apical periodontal cyst (radicular cyst; periapical cyst; root end cyst)
      • Periapical abscess (dentoalveolar abscess; alveolar abscess
      • Acute suppurative osteomyelitis
      • Chronic focal sclerosing osteomyelitis (condensing osteitis)
      • Chronic diffuse sclerosing osteomyelitis
      • Sclerotic cemental masses
      • Florid osseous dysplasia
      • Chronic osteomyelitis with proliferative periostitis (periostitis ossificans)
  • Physical Injuries
    • Traumatic ulcer
    • Factitial injury
    • Traumatic ulcer
    • Denture stomatitis
    • Inflammatory (fibrous) hyperplasia (epulis fissuratum; redundant tissue)
    • Inflammatory papillary hyperplasia (palatal papillomatosis)
    • Denture base intolerance/allergy
    • Angular cheilitis (angular cheilosis; perleche)
    • Mucocele (mucous retention cyst)
    • Ranula
    • Mucocele of maxillary sinus
    • Sialolithiasis (salivary duct stone; salivary duct calculus)
    • Maxillary antrolithiasis (antral rhinolith)
    • Rhinolithiasis
    • Osteoradionecrosis
    • Electrical burn
    • Cervicofacial emphysema
    • Human bite (morsus humanus)
  • Chemical Injuries
    • Aspirin burn
    • Bismuth pigmentation
    • Dilantin fibrous gingival hyperplasia
    • Acrodynia (pink disease)
    • Amalgam tattoo
    • Tetracycline stain
    • Angioedema (angioneurotic edema; giant urticaria)
    • Contact stomatitis (stomatitis venenata)
    • Contact dermatitis (dermatitis venenata)
  • Healing Complications
    • Dry socket (alveolar osteitis; localized acute alveolar asteomyelitis; alveolalgia)
    • Fibrous healing of extraction wound
  • Metabolic Diseases
    • Amyloidosis
    • Porphyria
    • Mucopolysaccharidoses
    • Hereditary fructose intolerance
    • Histiocytosis X (nonlipid reticuloendothelioses
    • Eosinophilic granuloma
    • Letterer-Siwe disease
    • Gaucher’s disease
    • Niemann-Pick disease
    • Osteomalacia (adult rickets)
    • Vitamin D-resistant rickets (familial hypophosphatemia; refractory rickets)
    • Renal rickets (renal osteodystrophy)
    • Hypophosphatasia (hypophosphatasemia)
    • Pseudohypophosphatasia
    • Scurvy
    • Pellagra
    • Hypopituitarism
    • Hyperpituitarism
    • Hypothyroidism
    • Hyperthyroidism
    • Primary hyperparathyroidism
    • Secondary hyperparathyroidism
    • Hypoparathyroidism
    • Addison’s disease (chronic adrenal cortex insufficiency)
    • Cushing’s syndrome
    • Diabetes Mellitus
    • Progeria
  • Diseases of Bone and Joints
    • Bone
      • Osteogenesis imperfecta (brittle bones; osteopsathyrosis)
      • Infantile cortical hyperostosis
      • Cleidocranial dysplasia
      • Craniofacial dysostosis
      • Mandibulofacial dysostosis (Treacher Collins syndrome)
      • Pierre Robin syndrome
      • Marfan’s syndrome (arachnodactyly)
      • Down syndrome (trisomy 21; mongolism)
      • Osteopetrosis
      • Achondroplasia (chondrodystrophia fetalis)
      • Osteitis deformans (Paget’s disease of bone)
      • Generalized cortical hyperostosis (endosteal hyperostosis)
      • Massive osteolysis (vanishing, disappearing, phantom bone; progressive osteolysis)
      • Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia
      • Monostotic fibrous dysplasia
      • Cherubism
    • Temporomandibular Joint
      • Condylar aplasia
      • Condylar hypoplasia
      • Condylar hyperplasia
      • Luxation (complete dislocation)
      • Subluxation (incomplete dislocation)
      • Ankylosis (hypomobility)
      • Rheumatoid arthritis
      • Osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease; Hypertrophic arthritis)
      • Traumatic arthritis
      • Myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome
  • Diseases of Blood and Blood-forming Organs
    • Red Blood Cells
      • Pernicious anemia
      • Sprue
      • Aplastic anemia
      • Thalassemia
      • Sickle cell anemia
      • Erythroblastosis fetalis
      • Polysythemia
      • Polycythemia vera
    • White Blood Cells
      • Agranulocytosis
      • Cyclic neutropenia
      • Chediak-Higashi syndrome
      • Leukocytosis
      • Infectious mononucleosis (glandular fever)
      • Leukemia
      • Lymphoma
    • Platelets
      • Purpura
      • Nonthrombocytopenic purpura
      • Thrombocytopenic purpura
      • Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
      • Aldrich syndrome
      • Familial thrombasthenia
      • Thrombocytopathic purpura (thrombocytopathia)
      • Thrombocythemia (thrombocytosis)
    • Specific Blood Factors
      • Hemophilia
      • Von Willebrand’s disease
      • Parahemophilia
      • Afibrinogenemia
      • Hypofibrinogenemia
      • Dysfibrinogenemia
      • Fibrin-stabilizing factor deficiency (factor XIII deficiency)
      • Macroglobulinemia
      • Cryoglobulinemia
  • Skin Diseases
    • Hereditary hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia
    • Chrondroectodermal dysplasia
    • Lichen planus (lichen rubber planus)
    • Psoriasis
    • Pityriasis rosea
    • Erythema multiforme
    • Stevens-Johnson’s syndrome
    • Mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome (Kawasaki disease)
    • Pachyonychia congenital
    • Keratosis follicularis
    • Warty dyskeratoma (isolated dyskeratosis follicularis)
    • Incontinentia pigmenti
    • Porokeratosis of mibelli
    • Dyskeratosis congenital
    • White sponge nevi (oral epithelial nevus)
    • Hereditary benign intraepithelial dyskeratosis
    • Acanthosis nigricans
    • Pemphigus
    • Familial benign chronic pemphigus
    • Cicatricial pemphigoid (benign mucous membrane pemphigoid; ocular pemphigus)
    • Bullous pemphigoid (parapemphigus)
    • Epidermolysis bullosa simplex
    • Epidermolysis bullosa dystrophic
    • Junctional epidermolysis bullosa
    • Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita
    • Dermatitis herpetiformis
    • Acrodermatisis enteropathica
    • Lupus erythematosus
    • Systemic sclerosis (scleroderma; dermatosclerosis)
    • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (cutis hyperelastica)
    • Focal dermal hypoplasia syndrome
    • Solar elastosis (senile elastosis ; actinic elastosis)
  • Diseases of Nerves
    • Trigeminal nerve
      • Trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux)
      • Paratrigeminal syndrome
      • Sphenopalatine neuralgia
      • Orolingual paresthesia (glossodynia ; glossopyrosis)
      • Auriculotemporal syndrome
    • Facial nerve
      • Bell’s palsy (Seventh nerve paralysis ; facial paralysis)
    • Miscellaneous
      • Multiple sclerosis
      • Orofacial dyskinesia
      • Meniere’s dissease
      • Migraine
      • Temporal arteritis (giant cell arteritis)
      • Causalgia
      • Atypical facial pain (atypical facial neuralgia)
      • Horner’s syndrome
  • Diseases of Muscle
    • Dystrophies
    • Myotonias
    • Hypotonias
    • Myasthenias
    • Myositis